Hg85 hand grenade

02.03.2021 By Akinolabar

Called the Enhanced Tactical Multi-Purpose ET-MP hand grenade, it will allow soldiers to choose between concussive or fragmentation blasts with the flip of a lever. Though many people think of grenades as little green pineapples with pins sticking out of them, there are actually many different types for many different jobs.

There are incendiary grenades for destroying equipment, gas grenades for crowd control, smoke grenades, stun grenades, anti-tank grenades, and even illumination grenades to cast a bit of light on the subject.

Concussion grenades are listed as "offensive" because they kill by means of blast. They have a small danger radius, so soldiers can use them while advancing in the open without fear of being caught in the blast wave.

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Fragmentation grenades, on the other hand, are "defensive. These typically have a danger radius of 15 m 49 ftso soldiers have to be behind cover when using them.

According to the Army, the US inventory of lethal grenades has consisted solely of the M67 fragmentation grenade and its variants since In that year, the MK3A2 concussion grenade was withdrawn from service — ironically, because of an asbestos hazard. The ET-MP is aimed at replacing both fragmentation and concussion grenades with a safer, more flexible design. At the flip of a lever, the ET-MP changes from one mode to the other, reducing the need for troops to carry multiple grenades, yet having the one to suit the current situation.

ARDEC says that the ET-MP is the result of five years development based on requests and feedback from troops wanting an improved grenade, as well as input from Infantry School representatives. Aside from its dual mode, it's also the first US ambidextrous grenade. Previous hand grenades were designed for right handers, which made it difficult for southpaws to use without special instruction.

Detonation time can now be narrowed down into milliseconds, and until armed, the hand grenade will not be able to detonate. Source: US Army. LOG IN. Menu HOME. Search Query Submit Search.

Facebook Twitter Flipboard LinkedIn. View 1 Image. The two main lethal types carried by foot soldiers are concussion and fragmentation grenades. David Szondy. David Szondy is a freelance journalist, playwright, and general scribbler based in Seattle, Washington. A retired field archaeologist and university lecturer, he has a background in the history of science, technology, and medicine with a particular emphasis on aerospace, military, and cybernetic subjects. In addition, he is the author of a number of websites, four award-winning plays, a novel that has thankfully vanished from history, reviews, scholarly works ranging from industrial archaeology to law, and has worked as a feature writer for several international magazines.

hg85 hand grenade

He has been a New Atlas contributor since Sign in to post a comment. Bob September 18, AM. What happens if a soldier in the heat of battle puts it on the wrong setting? For both American cult-art and explosive shrapnel spread, add baseball stitch detail. VinceKredlo September 18, PM. At least we can still put little messages and drawings on them with a marker for our enemies to see right before they die.

S Michael September 19, AM. I can't believe that hand grenades were withdrawn because of asbestosThe essential ingredients of the system that was adopted are:. This would prevent confusion where stores of US manufacture were in service with British forces and vice versa. Original models to be marked A1 unlike the US system which uses A1 to indicate the first modification. Grenade Hand X13E1. The series had no numerical relationship to the store that matured to Service status.

Fuze LA1B1. Grenade, TW12GE. In the Master General of the Ordnance formed a panel to compile a glossary of names and definitions in accordance with NATO principles. From grenade numbers would be allocated from one series. Grenade L9 would be flagged as incorrect in the British system whereas Grenade M9 was perfectly valid in the US system.

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Wire windings on munitions to give anti-personnel fragmentation featured on some foreign grenades in the s but the first recorded British experimental wire wound grenades were the subject of trials during World War 2 and the No 85 Mk 3 was a beneficiary of this work. Trials in Britain of the American T15, T32 and T33 grenades, which had magnesium based alloy bodies, were another approach to the goal. By samples of grenades using aluminium wire and steel wire had been ordered for trials.

American developments ran in parallel with British work and in their designs began to mature into the M26 grenade. Perhaps because of the usual post-war defence industry recession British development of the wire wound hand grenade appears to have been frozen between and The announcement gives contract figures ofHE, 46, Practice and 2, Drill grenades to be delivered over a six year period.

There were three anti-riot lachrymatory grenades filled CN in service as the new nomenclature system took hold. The No 91 emission type grenade, based on the No83 coloured smoke design, had entered service in The No 92 bursting type grenade had been in service since the end of the war and the No 95 grenade had just entered service. The No 95 grenade was of the emission type but additionally had a bursting charge to deter rioters from picking it up. Only No 95 grenades were manufactured.The HG 85 is a hand grenade of Swiss origin.

The HG 85 is a very effective grenade with a safety radius that is smaller than most defensive grenades, reducing the risk for the one throwing it. The HG 85 is a defensive grenade with a conventional design. The steel liner has a dimpled inner surface in order to fragment evenly into all directions. The German and Dutch versions feature a similar additional metal safety clip. The OGH 92 is an offensive version of the HG 85 that lacks the steel liner and add a little more explosive.

The HG 85 has a lethal radius of over 10 meters and a claimed safety radius of only 20 meters. This makes the HG 85 both a powerful and safe hand grenade.


The notched steel liner produces about 2. Since it is rather heavy the throwing range will average around 30 meters.

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The OHG 92 has a similar performance as the HG 85, but the lack of fragments reduces the lethal radius to below 10 meters and it lacks the armor piercing capabilities.

It has been acquired in large quantities and. The HG 85 is a conventional fragmentation grenade produced to high standards. It has a large casualty and limited safety range due to the precise fragment size that results in hardly any low powered fragments or large high powered fragments that are lethal at longer ranges.

The HG 85 used in the UK and the Netherlands feature an additional metal safety clip around the spoon. The EUHG 85 is a practice grenade with a rather large explosive power. The OGH 92 does not feature a steel fragmentation liner and relies on explosive power alone. As such it also lacks the armor piercing capabilities of the HG 85 and its casualty radius is smaller. Source: W. Schumann www. HG HG 85 HG 85 defensive grenade in Swiss gray color. Source: www.

Velocity Hand thrown Range Hand thrown Remarks .David Crane July 11, 25 Views. The HG85 fragmentation grenadea. By David Crane david at defensereview dot com September 25, Speaking of cool new …. The RUAG Munition Pearl hand grenade incorporates a new steel ball liner and the size of the steel balls can be varied. The Pearl utilizes a spherical aluminum case, the skin of which is roughly 1.

I other words, the steel balls on this grenade go on the outsiderather than the inside. According to " Armada International " Magazine, "the advantage of using steel balls as fragments compared with the traditional prefragmented case design is that the speed, inertia, and therefore range and penetration of each ball are perfectly predictable, which is not the case [for] a traditional prefragmentation covering in which the fragments are far from being identical, both in shape and in weight.

Steel balls can be had in 1. The customer can choose between single and double layers of steel balls. If the customer chooses two layers, he can have two different ball diameters different ball diameter for each layer. Click on this link to visit an Army-Technology.

This enables the company to produce a Hand Grenade of smaller dimensions and a substantially reduced weight, but offering the same impressive performance data as the proven HG More than five million pieces have been made already. The knowledge gained in the process, coupled with the findings on customer requirements and from research, are the basis for our new product.

Experience shows that different customers impose different demands on such a product. This fact has been paid the appropriate attention in that certain parameters can now be adapted individually.

It eventually also permits to throw the Hand Grenade a longer distance and more precisely. The further development of the well-proven fuse meets all specifications and passes all safety tests successfully. The ecology has also been taken into account in this development. Harmful heavy metals are substituted by environment-friendly materials in the new fuse. Customized Hand Grenade Interested clients apply a variety of specifications and selection procedures to a Hand Grenade.

Steel balls of different diameters can be applied in one or two layers. This defines the penetration energy and the number of effective fragments.

Calculations and experience from tests enable a virtual presentation and clear definition of the effects of the different combination possibilities.On detonation the steel body, containing g TNTreleases around fragments weighing on average 0.

UK grenade range safety data suggests the L - and by extension all live versions - may represent a danger at ranges up to m. The grenade is spherical with a bushing on the top threaded internally to accept the DM 82 CH fuze mechanism. It is designed to be effective against opponents wearing body armour, up to 20 layers of Kevlar and 1. A supplementary spring steel safety clip is clipped over the safety lever and bushing on top of the grenade preventing the safety lever from moving.

In September a six-year contract with Swiss Ammunition Enterprise Corporation a RUAG subsidiary was announced, committing the UK to purchased circagrenades for combat and live training, first deliveries scheduled for March The L is the British designation for the HG It differs from the HG 85 in that it has a special safety clip matte black in colour, which is similar to the safety clip on the American M67 grenade.

The L is deep bronze green in colour with golden yellow stencilling, and a rough exterior comparable to light sandpaper, and a yellow band around the top bushing, and weighs gm. Markings on the safety lever give the designation and lot number of the fuze. Once the safety pin is pulled, the grenade is live but so long as the fly-off lever "spoon" is kept depressed while the grenade is held and the grenade can be held indefinitely with the pin out it can be safely returned to storage so long as the fly-off safety lever is still in the closed position and the safety pin reinserted.

However, if thrown - or the lever allowed to rise - the protective plastic cover falls away and the striker, under pressure of the striker spring, begins to rotate on its axis.

This causes the safety lever to be thrown clear, the striker continues to rotate until it hits the percussion cap, which fires and ignites the delay pellet. The heat of the burning delay pellet melts solder holding a retaining ring, allowing the detonator to move under the influence of a spring from the safe to armed position.

Hand Grenades

The delay pellet continues to burn and after between 3 and 4 seconds burns out and produces a flash that forces aside a flap valve allowing ignition.

When the flash reaches the detonator this initiates a booster charge which in turn initiates the main explosive filling. Identical in size, weight and shape, as the live grenade and is used for training purposes, specifically correct handling and throwing. It can be easily distinguished from the live grenade as it is dark blue with white markings [6] see below.

The body is solid aluminium with a textured plastic coating made in the same form as the live grenade, the textured coating ensuring a good gripping surface.

hg85 hand grenade

A hole drilled up from the bottom indicates an empty store as well as ensuring the drill grenade is of the same weight as a live grenade. A bushing on top of the grenade has a dummy fuze mechanism permanently attached with a slot for the pull ring to clip into to prevent it being accidentally pulled.

The fuze mechanism, under the plastic cover is very similar in appearance to the American fuze mechanisms. Internally there is an extension on the striker to allow it to be re-cocked during training and there is a leaf spring safety that clips around the safety lever and neck of the grenade preventing the lever from rotating even if the safety pin is pulled. The body of the LA1 is made of steel and is covered in a textured plastic material with and has the word 'PRACTICE' embossed near the top of the body, near a top portion is larger than the bushing on the live grenade.

Like the L there is a large aperture in the bottom of the grenade which demonstrates it is not a live grenade but in the LA this aperture allow gas from the practice fuze to escape.

Consisting of two parts, a grey reusable striker mechanism and an L practice fuze which has a blue body with a brown base and is fitted with a silver washer the practice fuze is fitted into the bottom of the reusable striker mechanism then the entire assembly is screwed into the top of the grenade. In this version the safety lever is attached by a plastic strap to prevent loss, the entire unit, apart from the expended L practice fuze, being reused.

The Nr is the Dutch designation for the HG It is exactly like the LSwitzerland exported nearly half a billion francs worth of war materiel in the first half of this year, according to figures released on Thursday amid fresh allegations that Swiss-made hand-grenades are being used by rebel groups in Syria.

It said that they had arrived in Syria via Jordan and Turkey. If proven to be true, this would be in violation of export contact conditions imposed by Switzerland which expressly forbid the resale of Swiss war materiel. Following allegations which first aired in July that Swiss war materiel was being used in Syria, the State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Seco imposed a temporary ban on exports to the United Arab Emirates.

In response to the latest allegations, Seco told Rundschau that it could not comment on ongoing investigations. The increase is explained by the sale of Pilates training aircraft to the UAE, which has imported SFr million in Swiss war materiel this year and is the second highest buyer behind Germany which imported SFr million of materiel.

Since export conditions were tightened in the wake of the Arab Spring, no materiel was exported to Israel or Egypt. Swiss arms exports have regularly made the news headlines in recent years. Last year, the government froze exports to Qatar after it was revealed that the munitions sold to the Gulf state were being used by Libyan rebels fighting to bring down Moammar Gaddafi.


Inpacifists launched the first of three initiatives to ban the export of arms which was narrowly defeated. Swiss voters have rejected a further two initiatives aimed at banning exports of war materiel. The latest in was soundly defeated, gaining the support of just 32 per cent of voters. Exports of war materiel again hit the headlines in July when it was revealed that munitions sold to Qatar had shown up in Libya in an apparent breach of export regulations.

Seco imposed a temporary ban on exports to the United Arab Emirates in July when allegations first arose that Swiss-made hand-grenades were being used in Syria. The ban was lifted pending the outcome of a joint investigation by the two countries.

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hg85 hand grenade

In particular, any sale or commercial use of these data is prohibited. This content was published on August 16, PM Aug 16, - Each unit weighs in at grams and feature a diameter of 65mm.

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As an anti-personnel weapon system, the HG 85 relies on its detonation mechanism to send thousands of metal shards in all directions, devastating soft targets with relative ease.

As such, these types of weapons are useful in clearing out a determined and prepared enemy from fortifications and urban settings. The Swiss Army first began operational service of the HG 85 series in to which several other European powers have followed suit. The HG 85 is designed conventionally and sports an egg-like body that sits firmly into an adult hand. The pull-ring is fitted to the top along with the safety component.

hg85 hand grenade

The grenade body casing is of metal. The user actuated the arming process manually and then throws the grenade in the direction of the enemy, taking care to manage a safe distance from the detonation of which individual fragments may reach out to yards or more.

The British redesignated the grenade as the L in the Royal inventory and features a specially-devised safety clip which the original HG 85 does not. The L designates an inert Drill Grenade for grenade throwing training and is noticeably colored in blue as opposed to the L's external green scheme. Year: Manufacturing Altdorf; Thun - Switzerland. Netherlands; Switzerland; United Kingdom. Overall Length: 97 mm 3. Weight Unloaded : 1, Sights: Not Applicable.

Action: Timed Fuse Explosive; Thrown. HG 85 - Base Series Designation. Disclaimer Privacy Policy Cookies.